The leaves and seeds of the plant are widely used in folk medicine in addition to its use as a seasoning in food preparation. However, whether they can be used to improve crops growth and nutritional quality is unknown. While coriander is grown as an herb primarily for its seeds, the type of coriander referred to as cilantro is grown for the leafy portion of. The essential oil of this herb has been widely investigated and demonstrated efficiency in the inhibition of pathogenic microorganisms. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of fresh coriandrum sativum leaves csl on cognitive functions, total serum cholesterol levels and brain cholinesterase activity in mice. Obtained results showed that there are significant p coriandrum sativum l. The species is hermaphrodite has both male and female organs and is pollinated by insects. Coriandrum sativum otherwise known as coriander or cilantro is a hardy annual herb with all parts of the plant being used in cooking. Coriandrum sativum synonyms, coriandrum sativum antonyms. Unlimited viewing of the articlechapter pdf and any associated supplements and figures. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Coriandrum sativum is a culinary and medicinal herb which can become weedy outside cultivation. Coriandrum sativum, phytochemicals, pharmacological properties.
This publication describes the genetic resour ces of coriander coriandrum sativum. Effect of coriandrum sativum hydroalcoholic extract and its. Nevertheless, several authors have named coriander as a wild plant. Coriandrum sativum coriander fruit oil is a volatile oil obtained from the dried fruit ofcoriandrum sativum functions. Silva f, ferreira s, queiroz ja, domingues fc 2011 coriander coriandrum sativum l. Pdf phytochemistry, pharmacology and medicinal properties of. Coriandrum sativum apiaceae, known popularly as coriander, has nutraceutical and functional properties and presents bioactive antimicrobial potential. Coriandrum sativum is an herb belonging to umbelliferae and is reported to have a protective effect against lead toxicity. Coriander is used to treat digestive ailments and colic. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and uptodate information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in. It is native to southern europe and the western mediterranean. Chemical composition and biological activity of coriandrum sativum l. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of c.
Reversal of memory deficits by coriandrum sativum leaves in. Coriandrum sativum family umbelliferae is highly reputed ayurvedic medicinal tree commonly known as the dhanya. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Coriandrum sativum coriander dhania cilantro, coriander.
A 20 gm of homegrown fresh leaves were washed thoroughly with double distilled water ddw and added to 100 ml of boiled sterile ddw for 5 minutes and. It is also known as chinese parsley, and in the united states the stems and leaves are usually called cilantro s. Reversal of memory deficits by coriandrum sativum leaves. Phytopharmacological properties of coriander sativum as a. Coriandrum sativum is a warm weather annual that is commonly grown in herb gardens for its lacy, strongscented foliage cilantro and its aromatic seeds coriander. Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using coriandrum sativum. Pronunciation of coriandrum sativum with 2 audio pronunciations, 6 synonyms, 1 meaning, 1 translation and more for coriandrum sativum. All parts of the plant are edible, but the fresh leaves and the dried seeds as a spice are the parts most. Obtained results showed that there are significant p download pdf. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. An illustrated flora of the northern united states, canada and the british possessions. The extract was stored at 4 c for further experiments. Its plant seeds, leaves and roots are edible, although they have.
In this study, csl 5, 10 and 15% ww of diet was fed orally with a specially prepared diet for 45 days consecutively to experimental animals. Coriandrum sativum is an annual herb in the family apiaceae. Coriandrum sativum leaf extract preparation of leaf extract. It belongs to the parsley family, as does anise, caraway, dill and fennel. It is an annual herb originating from the mediterranean countries vaidya v. In the present investigation, an attempt has been made to evaluate the protective activity of the hydroalcoholic extract of c. Analysis of antibacterial and antifungal activity of crude extracts from seeds of coriandrum sativum.
The leaves and seeds of coriandrum sativum are used in cooking. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Cilantro, also known as chinese parsley, is a form of coriander. Tio 2 nanoparticles ntio 2 have been widely used in many disciplines. Effect of coriandrum sativum hydroalcoholic extract and. Coriander is used widely in indian, greek and asian cooking.
The whole plant and especially the unripe fruit, is characterized by a strong d gruenwalded joerg. Potential application of titanium dioxide nanoparticles to. The phytochemical screening of coriandrum sativum showed that it contained essential oil, tannins. Phytochemical trial and bioactivity of the essential oil. Cilantro coriander, coriandrum sativum coriandrum sativum is a fastgrowing annual with two common names. Coriander is an annual herb native to the mediterranean. Mycorrhization of coriander coriandrum sativum l to. It is particularly common in traditional southeast asian and indian dishes and you either love or hate the strong, sweet smell that it exudes. Hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of coriandrum sativum l. The leaves are often referred to as cilantro in north america. Essential oil, flavonoids, fatty acids, and sterols have been.
It derives its name coriander from the greek koris, meaning bedbug, as it has a buglike unpleasant odor when the herb and fruit is green. A biological description and its uses in the treatment of various diseases pandey shivanand smt. Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using coriandrum. Chinese parsley, cilantro, coriander, coriander plant.
The hydroalcoholic extract showed better in vitro activity against adult parasites than the aqueous one 22. Increase in phenolic compounds of coriandrum sativum l. Hydroalcoholic seed extract of coriandrum sativum coriander. In this study, fruit methanolic extract of three coriander coriandrum sativum l. Institute of plant genetics and crop plant research, gatersleben international plant genetic resources institute, rome.
It is in flower from june to july, and the seeds ripen from august to september. The fruits seed and pericarp are the most widely used components of the coriander plant with the most important constituents being the essential oil and the fatty oil. Essential oil, flavonoids, fatty acids, and sterols have been isolated from different parts of c. The effect of association of two vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal vam fungi, glomus macrocarpum and g fasciculatum, on the concentration and composition of essential oil in coriander coriandrum sativum was studied. Essential oil and extract of coriander coriandrum sativum l. Coriandrum is a genus of herbs in the family apiaceae containing the cultivated species coriandrum sativum coriander and the wild species coriandrum tordylium. Pdf phytochemistry, pharmacology and medicinal properties. The origin of the cultivated species coriandrum sativum is still not clear, and no certain information about the wild species exists. India abstract coriandrum sativum is an important source of chemicals of. Its plant seeds, leaves and roots are edible, although.
In vivo antioxidant effect of aqueous and etheric coriander coriandrum sativum l. Leaves pinnate or 2pinnate, with 14 pairs of pinnae. Phytochemical and bioactive profile of coriandrum sativum l. The fruits and leaves of coriander possess very different flavors and hence are used in different ways to flavor food. It is a glabrous, aromatic, herbaceous annual plant, small sized tree growing throughout india, italy, netherlands, central and eastern europe, china and bangladesh. Vam inoculation increased the essential oil concentration in fruits by as much as 43%. Coriandrum sativum an overview sciencedirect topics. Itis taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Knowing this, we aimed to perform a phytochemical screening and to verify the bioactivity of the.153 116 940 352 1182 1172 1417 1277 1508 84 1227 1483 732 496 1206 1206 1446 1243 645 339 238 1357 105 1354 420 1060 470 1309 958 1288 142 952 1124 299 1129 1263 1107 1046 26 223 1397 1479 310